A similar passageway to the Royal Joseon Tombs, called Sillo, consists of 3 separate footpaths paved with stones for ancestral rituals. Located in the center of Seoul, you can easily get there by subway, the syop is Jongno 3 ga on the line 1. It was built in dedication to the forefathers of the Joseon dynasty that ruled South Korea from the 14th to early 20th century. I've noticed some nice changes to the surrounding property since 2008. Photos and description of the architecture of Jongmyo ancestral shrine, Seoul, South Korea Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian sanctuary dedicated to the Joseon dynasty dead members. This site is really intersting for its architecture and its symbolism. Several kings and queens were enshrined with the passage of time, making it necessary to expand to what we see today. What makes Jongmyo Shrine special is it's unique architecture and peacefulness. These are over 3000 documents (now all inscribed on the “Memory of the World” register) which, with incredible detail, describe the many Joseon court rituals in the form of both text and beautifully drawn/painted scenarios in which the location of every “actor” in the ritual is shown and their movements through the ceremony are described. Jongmyo is located not far from Changdeokgung Palace. A pleasant 45 minutes deviation from my rather full itinerary. [citation needed] The main hall, known as Jeongjeon (Hangul: 정전; Hanja: 正殿), had seven rooms. Apart from being a truly unique Confucian site, what gives this site OUV is the fact that of all the Confucian sites in Asia, Jongmyo is the only preserved one and continues to be used today for royal ancestral rites. [not verified in body] The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995. The tour takes about 1 hour. There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in 19 chambers. Having done some reading prior to visiting the site and also by attentively reading the superb information boards on site, I opted to visit on a Saturday to be able to visit at leisure. Get information like fast facts, when to visit, weather, places to visit, hotels, restaurants, things to do, transportation and much more. The current form of the shrine has been the same since the 16th century. Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived. It was dedicated to the memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. Even though I visited the site when it's truly active with the Royal Culture Festival taking place during the first week of May, the crowds were not that huge and the nighttime performance (entrance with prior registration) with royal ancestral ritual music was a truly unexpected highlight. Whether we “missed out” regarding a Jongmyo tour we will, of course, never know (though I note that there are 2 different tour routes according to whether there are over or under 200 people! Update: I revisited Jongmyo in 2016 to improve my pictures and better appreciate this quite WHS. [2], Viewed from the king's throne at Gyeongbokgung Palace, Jongmyo Shrine would have been on the king's left while the Sajik Shrine, another important Confucian shrine, was on the right. In the old times, this ceremony was held at the change of seasons and during the twelfth lunar month of the year. It was destroyed by the Japanese and rebuilt in 1601. This royal shrine and its surroundings are well-preserved in their present form since the 16th century, where visitors can marvel at traditional Korean architecture and performance of memorial services during the Joseon Dynasty. The most important state ritual, Jongmyo Jerye, performed once a year in May with ritual instrumental music, singing and dancing, is inscribed on the Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. The construction of Jongmyo predates that of the main palace of Seoul, Gyeongbokgung. It isn’t really an easily accessible site, which is why I was glad to see that access to this site is now by guided tour only (about every 2 hours in English). and, best of all, CGI videos which first show the stages in the construction and extension of the shrine and then bring the ceremony to life by animating the relevant “Uigwe”. The separate buildings, the big open square, the row of closed doors, the kitchens etc etc all relate specifically to the ceremony - but how to understand it? Surrounded by dense woodland, the impressive buildings of the Confucian shrine Jongmyo house the spirit tablets of the Joseon kings and queens and some of their most loyal government officials. [not verified in body] It was destroyed by fire in the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), then rebuilt in 1608. Unlike the Changdeok Palace, you can enter the grounds with a ticket and stroll around the facilities to your heart’s content as a guide is not required. The 7 reviews to date of the Jongmyo Shrine are fairly “mixed” in terms of the degree of “value” which people felt they had obtained from their visit. You have to watch your step walking here: the spirits have their own path that leads directly to the shrine. In the years to come, Seoul City Wall, Changdeokgung Palace, Jongmyo Shrine, Namsan Park, Yongsan, and the Han River will all be connected. It is also the best preserved of these shrines. Location Jongno District, Seoul, South Korea. 2017 - The Jongmyo Shrine infographic shows details about Jongmyo Shrine in Seoul, South Korea. However, I was not impressed Jongmyo at all since the whole area was quite chaotic with lots of noisy spectators and paparazzi-liked photographers in every corners of the shrine, the organizing system need to be set up, I even think it could be nicer to visit this place when there is no ceremony at all. The video was in Korean with no obvious way of getting a different language (and anyway all the attendees were Korean!) The main distinctive element is the great square in front of the building, 150 meters long and 100 meters width. As well as cabinets describing and explaining each of the implements/pots etc used in the ceremony, there are videos of it (this time with English subtitles!) Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. Jul 12, 2016 - The Jongmyo Shrine infographic shows details about Jongmyo Shrine in Seoul, South Korea. Find its location, facts, history, map, nearby attractions and more. I am a big fan of the modern architect Mies van der Rohe who is famous for stating “Less is more”; as such I have a fairly high tolerance for buildings that others may see as monotonous, but however hard I tried I still didn’t get much from the structures, and perhaps that would be missing the point anyway. Unlike most sites in South Korea, it is closed on Tuesdays. The idea is to emphasize solemnity, piety and sublimity. [citation needed] Only two kings' memorial tablets are not enshrined here. Jongmyo shrine is a fascinating visit for anyone interested in Seoul’s history. Take the Seoul Subway (Line 1, 3, or 5) to Jongno 3-ga Station and leave through Exit 11. I really like it, and is one of my favourite places in Seoul. [2] In addition to the tablet, there is a panel listing each king's accomplishments. [citation needed], The current Jeongjeon is National treasure of Korea No. The second largest is Yeongnyeongjeon, which has 16 spirit chambers and houses 34 tablets. Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian royal shrine and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Seoul. [citation needed] The complex was expanded by King Sejong (r. 1418–50) who ordered the construction of Yeongnyeongjeon (Hangul: 영년전; Hanja: 永寧殿, "Hall of Eternal Comfort"). I decided to see the morning ceremony at Yeongnyeongjeon Shrine since it was impossible to find a seat in the already full Jeongjeon Shrine where the afternoon ceremony would took place. [citation needed] This arrangement was derived from Chinese practice. Jongmyo, a Confucian shrine dedicated to the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897), is considered the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved in the world. Get information like fast facts, when to visit, weather, places to visit, hotels, restaurants, things to do, transportation and much more. 27 พ.ย. Moreover, other ceremonies to report important state affairs or to pray for the state are performed at Jongmyo. It consists of 2 main memorial halls – Jeongjeon and Yeongnyeongjeon The worth thing and the most important thing is annual holy services for the Kings and Queens at the fist Saturday in May. The Green Line allowed easy access to other major attractions in the Seoul area. From reading the other reviews it seems there is a bit of a split in people’s views of this shrine. Jongmyo shrine is a royal Confucian shrine in Jongno-gu, South Korea near the Changdeokgung Palace, unique for its traditional practice of ancestral worship hailing from ancient China. The whole park is really crowded with thousands of spectators and lots of people dressed in ancient Korean ceremonial robes, a real feast of sight. The royal ancestral shrine of Jongmyo is a simple but serene wooden complex housing spirit tablets of kings and queens of Joseon dynasty who ruled Korea for more than 500 years in the city center of Seoul. Currently, this ceremony is re-enacted on the first Sunday of May. After that period of mourning, memorial tablets of the deceased were moved to Jongmyo and enshrined in Jeongjeon (top left photo), which now has 19 spirit chambers and houses a total of 49 tablets. [5], Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the, Important Intangible Cultural Property of South Korea, Jongmyo Ancestral Shrine, Seoul, Korea, South, Confucianism - Jongmyo Royal Ancestral Shrine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jongmyo&oldid=995197938, Buildings and structures completed in 1394, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, Important Intangible Cultural Properties of South Korea, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 19:32. Essentially it is a walled park with two large rectangular courtyards lined with bulky wooden buildings fronted with closed doors on one side. It was built in 1394 by king Taejo and is then thought to be the oldest Confucian sanctuary. the members of the Jeonju Yi Royal Family Association perform the rites to the accompaniment of music and dance provided by musicians from the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts and dancers from the Gukak National High School. Dedicated to the forefathers of the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910), the shrine has existed in its present form since the 16th century and houses tablets bearing … Jongmyo Shrine is well-connected by public transportation. Several public buses serve the Jongmyo Shrine bus stop. You can only visit the shrine with a guided tour (except on Saturdays apparently) but the tour is included in the ticket price. [not verified in body] Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived. [not verified in body] Nowadays[when?] Their bodies are buried elsewhere. 2.42 Score, Jongmyo shrine documents registered with UNESCO’s Memory of the World (02.11.17), The plan to build a skyscraper in front of Jongmyo was this week derailed after the latest intervention of the Cultural Heritage Administration (21.11.09), Seoul Not Giving Up on Skyscraper Plan near Jongmyo (21.09.09), The site has Next to it is a similar building for the less important ancestors. [citation needed] There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in the 19 chambers. One of the buildings in Jongmyo has a video showing a recent ceremony, together with a spirit table “loaded” with replica plastic food and various pots and implements. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995. His first task was to build Jongmyo Shrine and Sajikdan Altar. Jongmyo is adjacent to Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung in the south. Although I did some homework I didn't really get a grip on this monument during my first visit in 2001. It is beautifully serene and peaceful (most of the time). I don't know if you can say that you like it or not - it's meant as a shrine. The shrine is a green area within the city and has clear flat pa... A must visit site that can be visited ONLY with free guided tours provided on-site. Hailed as Seoul’s most popular attraction, Gyeongbokgung Palace was built in 1395 by King Taejo. Jongmyo shrine is a fascinating visit for anyone interested in Seoul’s history. Like the many of the palaces, Jongmyo Shrine is situated in a park-like area with lots of trees. It is held every year on the first Sunday of May. It is also only about $1 to get it, making it one of the cheaper WHSs that I've been to. I visited this WHS in May 2017 using the combination ticket to 4 Palaces and this shrine. Visiting together with Changdeokgung with be a bit too much (although perfectly doable) as there is obviously much more to see there. According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Jongmyo Shrine is nothing to see. Unlike the other posters, I don't think this place is boring at all! The complex is still used today for ritual ceremonies. In the freezing cold of early January it is all very austere, but I'm glad I went for a second time to hear more of the explanations of the guide. The entrance has been expanded forming a "green axis" that is aimed toward connecting Jongmyo Shrine with Namsan Park. When a king or queen died, mourning at the palace would continue for 3 whole years! [2] The Jongmyo Jerye-ak, the traditional court music of Joseon, is performed by the Royal Court Orchestra and has been designated as Important Intangible Cultural Property of South Korea No. I was sort of looking forward to seeing the architecture of the site. It used to welcome some of the Tripitaka Koreana, wooden tablets that are now within the Haiensa temple, as well registered as WHS. I had hoped that “National Museums of Korea” would have made the animations available on the Web but I can’t find any - perhaps I should have videoed them! Like the Changdeok Palace, it suffers from a lack of fixtures and artifacts. According to Confucian philosophy and the concepts of geomancy, it was built on the east side of the royal palace, while the Sajik Shrine, where ritual services for the gods of earth and crops were performed, was built on the west side. An elaborate performance of ancient court music (with accompanying dance) known as Jongmyo jeryeak is performed here each year for the Jongmyo jerye ritual. ), too long in some places and not enough in others, no ability to go back and re-look etc etc – we are not good “tour group” material! I will say I am in the baffled camp. Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. May 31, 2013 - Jongmyo Shrine is the oldest Confucian royal shrine of Seoul in South Korea. [5] Today[when?] One issue seems to be how best to “understand” and appreciate the site. There, room 7 is given over to the Jongmyo Shrine (Other things at that level are worth seeing also – there is a delightful reconstruction of an early 15th C Korean Water Clock for instance). 29. [not verified in body] They used to be connected in the Joseon period, but were separated by a road built by Japanese colonialists. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritagelis… [citation needed] In front of the main hall is the Woldae Courtyard, which is 150 meters in length and 100 meters in width. Jongmyo is less known than other historic sites in central Seoul, but I think it is worth visiting if you are into Korean Confucian culture, architecture or history. and the “chairs” to “sit” on whilst viewing were at floor level – not good for ageing western joints and bones! During the Seven-Year War, Japanese invaders burned down the original shrine and a new complex was constructed in 1601 which has survived to this day. The Jongmyo Shrine is the earliest surviving Confucian royal ancestrian shrine. [citation needed] Each room, known as "myo-shil" (Hangul: 묘실; Hanja: 廟室, lit. The site is a splendid place to take a walk, or as a quite spot for reflection. A short walk to Jogyesa Temple, Cheonggyecheon Stream, Jongmyo Shrine, Seoul Plaza and (for unique shopping) Insa-dong. The Jongmyo Shrine grounds is literally across the street from the Changdeok Palace compound. The shrine is right next to Changdeokgung another WHS, and just a short stroll form the antique shops and tea rooms of Insadong (my recommendation is Sin Yetchatjip/ Old Teashop where you can enjoy your cuppa in the company of some inquisitive finches that fly around the knick-knacks inside). It is a pretty austere site to get a grip on. The simple and elegant buildings of this shrine have faithfully kept their original forms since the 16th century. [4], The songs invite the ancestral spirits to descend from heaven to enjoy the kings achievements in founding the dynasty and defending the country in order to encourage their descendants to follow in their footsteps. The shrine nowadays can only be visited with a guide (except on Saturdays, when you can walk around on your own freely). Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian royal shrine and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Seoul. 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